Short term outcomes of total arterial coronary revascularization in patients above 65 years: a propensity score analysis
1 Cardiac Surgery Department, Heart Institute Lahr/Baden - Germany
2 Clinic of Cardiovascular Surgery, Duesseldorf University Hospital - Germany
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010, 5:25 doi:10.1186/1749-8090-5-25Published: 18 April 2010
Despite the advantages of bilateral mammary coronary revascularization, many surgeons are still restricting this technique to the young patients. The objective of this study is to demonstrate the safety and potential advantages of bilateral mammary coronary revascularization in patients older than 65 years.
Group I included 415 patients older than 65 years with exclusively bilateral mammary revascularization. Using a propensity score we selected 389 patients (group II) in whom coronary bypass operations were performed using the left internal mammary artery and the great saphenous vein.
The incidence of postoperative stroke was higher in group II (1.5% vs. 0%, P = 0.0111). The amount of postoperative blood loss was higher in group I (908 ± 757 ml vs. 800 ± 713 ml, P = 0.0405). There were no other postoperative differences between both groups.
Bilateral internal mammary artery revascularization can be safely performed in patients older than 65 years. T-graft configuration without aortic anastomosis is particularly beneficial in this age group since it avoids aortic manipulation, which is an important risk factor for postoperative stroke.