Recurrent pannus formation causing prosthetic aortic valve dysfunction: Is excision without valve re-replacement applicable?
Department of Cardiac Surgery, Makassed and Ramallah Hospital mount of Olives, Jerusalem, 91194, Israel
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2012, 7:62 doi:10.1186/1749-8090-7-62Published: 29 June 2012
Prosthetic valve dysfunction at aortic position is commonly caused by pannus formation. The exact etiology is not known. It arises from ventricular aspect of the prosthesis encroaching its leaflets causing stenosis or it may remain localized causing left ventricular outflow tract obstruction without affecting valve function.
The difference in location entails different approaches in management. Such a pathology requires surgical excision of the pannus with or without valve re-replacement.
A recurrent pannus was observed in a female patient who needed repeated surgical intervention to excise a localized pannus without re-replacement of a well functioning prosthetic valve.
Management of our case presents several questions, whether recurrence of pannus is caused by sparing the prosthetic valve, is it simply an exaggeration of an inflammatory healing process in certain individuals or is it ideal to re-replace the valve despite a well preserved function.