Left pulmonary artery banding to repair ipsilateral diffuse pulmonary arteriovenous fistula
1 Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 54 Kawahara-cho, Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto City, Kyoto, 6068507, Japan
2 Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2012, 7:77 doi:10.1186/1749-8090-7-77Published: 27 August 2012
Congenital pulmonary arteriovenous fistula (PAVF) is a rare disease which causes hypoxemia by shunting deoxygenated blood from the pulmonary artery into pulmonary venous return. Lung transplantation is the most effective therapy to treat severe, diffuse PAVF. However, the availability of lungs for transplantation is limited in most parts in the world. For patients with diffuse PAVF affecting only one side of the lungs, ipsilateral pulmonary artery banding (PAB) is an effective treatment, but not yet standard of care. We report successful treatment of a patient with diffuse left-sided PAVF with PAB. We believe that PAB is an effective therapy for severe unilateral PAVF and may serve as a bridge to lung transplantation.