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Open Access Research article

Effects of temporary vascular occluder poloxamer 407 Gel on the endothelium

Arif Gucu1*, Ilkin Cavusoglu2, Cuneyt Eris1, Faruk Toktas1, Tugrul Goncu1 and Ahmet Ozyazicioglu1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital, Bursa, Turkey

2 Department of Histology and Embryology, Uludag University Faculty of Medicine, Bursa, Turkey

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Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2013, 8:16  doi:10.1186/1749-8090-8-16

Published: 22 January 2013

Abstract

Background

Coronary occlusion techniques during OPCAB may lead to an endothelial damage to the target vessel. The adverse effects of these techniques are well-known, and researches have been trying to find out new materials to occlude the coronary artery without an endothelial damage. In the present study, we investigate to the endothelial damage in the rat aorta which is occluded by Poloxamer 407 gel.

Methods

Forty-five rats were randomized in three groups: (1) segment of the aorta was occluded with Poloxamer 407 gel in P 407 group; (2) segment of the aorta was occluded with microvascular clamp in MV clamp group; and (3) no onclusion was available in the Control group. The rats were sacrificed of observation, and a 15mm segment of the aorta was obtained as a specimen. Integrity of the endothelial lining was observed with a scanning electron microscopy.

Results

Scanning electron microscopy revealed a statistically significant difference among the 3 groups (p<0,001) using the SPSS 13.0 test. No difference was found between the Control group and the P 407 group (p=0,059). The differences between MV clamp–Control group (p<0,001) and MV clamp–P 407 group were statistically significant (p<0,002).

Conclusions

We suggest that Poloxamer 407 gel occlusion may be a safer and more effective method compared to the microvascular clamp occlusion.

Keywords:
Endothelial damage; Poloxamer 407; Scanning electron microscopy; OPCAB