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Open Access Research article

Mean platelet volume may predict early clinical outcome after coronary artery bypass grafting

Ertekin Utku Unal1*, Anil Ozen1, Sabit Kocabeyoglu1, Ahmet Baris Durukan2, Sercan Tak1, Murat Songur1, Umit Kervan1 and Cemal Levent Birincioglu1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

2 Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Medicana International Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

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Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2013, 8:91  doi:10.1186/1749-8090-8-91

Published: 16 April 2013

Abstract

Background

An elevated mean platelet volume is associated with increased platelet activation and thus may predict thrombotic events. The goal of this study was to investigate the association of the mean platelet volume and the major adverse events after coronary artery bypass surgery.

Methods

Baseline clinical details and preoperative hematologic parameters were obtained prospectively in 205 consecutive patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. Postoperative mortality and major adverse events were recorded in the early postoperative period (median of 72 days, interquartile range 58.5-109 days).

Results

Combined adverse events occurred in 37 patients (18.0%) during the early follow-up. The preoperative mean platelet volume and hematocrit levels were found to be associated with postoperative adverse events (p<0.001 for both variables). In multivariate logistic regression models, the preoperative mean platelet volume and hematocrit levels were strong independent predictors of combined adverse events after surgery (respectively OR 1.89, p=0.037; OR 0.87, p=0.011). After receiver-operating-characteristics curve analysis, using a cut-point of 8.75 fL, the preoperative mean platelet volume level predicted adverse events with a sensitivity of 54% and specificity of 70%. In a further model with cut-off points, higher preoperative mean platelet volume levels remained a powerful independent predictor of postoperative myocardial infarction (OR 3.60, p=0.013) and major adverse cardiac events (OR 2.53, p=0.045).

Conclusions

An elevated preoperative mean platelet volume is associated with an adverse outcome after coronary artery bypass grafting. In conclusion, we can say that mean platelet volume is an important, simple, readily available, and cost effective tool and can be useful in predicting the postoperative adverse events in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting.

Keywords:
Coronary artery bypass; Platelet function tests; Hematocrit; Postoperative complications; Treatment outcome