Superior vena cava syndrome caused by a swollen absorbable haemostat after repair of ischaemic mitral regurgitation
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Cardiovascular Center, Tsuyama Chuo Hospital, 1756, Kawasaki, Tsuyama City, Okayama 708-0841, Japan
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2014, 9:1 doi:10.1186/1749-8090-9-1Published: 3 January 2014
Surgicel, an absorbable haemostat, is widely used in cardiovascular surgery. An 81-year-old woman, who was diagnosed with ischaemic mitral regurgitation, underwent mitral valve plasty and coronary artery bypass grafting. On postoperative day two, her superior vena cava (SVC) pressure gradually rose to 38 mmHg and she developed low output syndrome. Emergent surgery revealed that the cause of SVC syndrome was external compression from a haematoma at the posterior surface of the SVC, which formed around the Surgicel.